Indonesia’s parliament has passed controversial laws authorising chemical castration, minimum sentences and execution for convicted paedophiles.
President Joko Widodo proposed the changes in May following the gang rape and murder of a 14-year-old girl.
The new laws also allow judges to sentence paedophiles to death or tag them electronically, and applies a 10-year minimum sentence for child sex crimes.
Dr Yohana Susana Yembise, Indonesia’s Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection, said the administration was “praying” that the punishments “will have the desired effect”.
She said: “Now we have the harshest punishments: the death penalty, life in prison, chemical castration, the public naming of perpetrators and the electronic chip. These are now law, so even if you hate the idea of them everyone now has to support this.”
The punishments follow a number of high profile cases of child sexual abuse in the country. Last year, a British-Canadian teacher and an Indonesian were jailed for 10 years for sexually abusing three children at a Jakarta kindergarten.
And earlier this year, the body of a nine-year-old girl was found in a cardboard box in Jakarta after she had been repeatedly sexually assaulted and killed.